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2008 Handicap Averages and Most Improved

Everyone in the MACC program runs in ability classes. Our intent is that racers in each class are of similar ability, to keep things competitive and interesting. A handicap system is used to determine when a racer should move to a different class. This page lists everyone's average as of April 5, 2008 .

Most Improved

We give awards at the end of each season for the most improved male and female racers. Because new racers can make drastic improvements with just a few runs, we have some conditions for making the most improved list. Racers on the list must have competed in MACC racing the previous year, with at least 4 completed runs in slalom and 4 completed runs in GS/SGS.

The improvement is the percent you are faster now than you were at the end last year. Here is the formula: % change = (HC_new - HC_old)/(1 + HC_old/100)

If the formula isn't intuitively obvious, scroll to the bottom of the page for an explanation.

Bib   Name                   Class  Club        GS      SL   Total
94 Gail Kovaleski CW TB -10.54 -7.11 -17.66 263 Chip Dayton E2M SW -10.87 -5.75 -16.62 172 Holly Polopolos DW AA -11.53 0.50 -11.04 231 Rob Reader VE2M SD -2.11 -5.62 -7.73 164 Holly Sasso E2W TR -4.85 -2.45 -7.30 239 Chad Buehler E1M SW -4.19 -2.86 -7.05 238 Ricky Discher DM SD -3.73 -2.69 -6.42 36 Steve Hark VE1M RN -2.83 -2.95 -5.78 171 Robert Semanske SVBM AA -4.12 -1.26 -5.37 21 Nick Carrico E1M TR -3.34 -1.94 -5.28 207 Peggy McLaughlin CW SW -2.26 -2.85 -5.11 35 Jack Maynard SVAM GM -2.56 -2.41 -4.97 234 Patrick Smithbauer SVCM TB -3.78 -1.14 -4.92 202 John Battiste VE1M PH -1.99 -2.74 -4.74 160 Gregg Davis VE2M SD -3.87 -0.86 -4.73 274 Ken Robinette AM TR -2.95 -1.65 -4.60 80 Bob Rossi CM TB -3.19 -1.25 -4.45 223 Joe Pioch DM SW -3.38 -0.78 -4.16 87 Chris Liegl VAW SC -3.46 -0.56 -4.02 102 Daniel Bates VE2M TO -3.61 -0.32 -3.92 51 Allen Mercier SVCM TR -3.97 0.05 -3.92 43 Alexandra Carrico E2W TR -1.75 -2.14 -3.89 111 Julie Giganic DW SW -6.20 2.36 -3.85 109 Zach Smith E1M SW -1.60 -2.17 -3.77 113 Foster Butler E2M JD -2.49 -1.00 -3.49 62 Drew Hilger E1M RN -4.86 1.38 -3.48 18 Sarah Giles E1W TO -1.33 -2.08 -3.41 22 Kermit Anderson E SD -0.99 -2.33 -3.32 40 Kurt Adams VE1M SD -0.68 -2.53 -3.21 232 Ronald Glowzinski SVCM TB -2.73 -0.46 -3.19 204 Arthur Ellwanger CM TB -1.55 -1.51 -3.06 23 Gary Konsza VE1M SC -2.90 0.19 -2.71 52 Jim Geisling VAM TR -2.52 -0.08 -2.60 190 David Carrico VAM TR 0.88 -3.37 -2.49 73 Douglas North SVBM TR -3.93 1.55 -2.38 233 Patrick O'Keefe SVBM GM -3.48 1.15 -2.34 28 Jana Staron E1W RN -1.13 -1.13 -2.26 181 Ron Zawlocki SVAM SN -4.36 2.23 -2.13 44 Janie Guiliani E2W TB -2.17 0.14 -2.03 82 Paul Williams VE2M AA -2.61 0.74 -1.87 61 Scott Pyles VE1M RN -0.80 -0.96 -1.76 180 Michael Ault SVBM TO -0.07 -1.65 -1.72 108 David Duvali SVCM SW -0.53 -0.71 -1.23 225 Art LeVasseur VBM SN -3.70 2.58 -1.12 245 Ted Jablonski SVBM TB -2.73 1.85 -0.87 96 Denise Miller VAW SC -1.65 0.79 -0.85 20 Wayne Drier VE2M SC 2.11 -2.79 -0.69 262 James Smith VE2M SW 0.37 -1.03 -0.66 56 Robert Dusina AM TB 0.01 -0.66 -0.65 67 Craig McLeod VE1M SD -0.68 0.05 -0.63 47 Ginnie Uhley VAW TR 0.76 -1.33 -0.57 76 Roger Myers VE2M TO -0.32 -0.23 -0.55 60 Jim Hoppenrath VAM SC -0.33 -0.15 -0.49 217 William Heckman AM TB 1.86 -2.22 -0.36 252 Judith Sullivan DW TB -1.30 0.96 -0.33 98 Shawn Hughes VE2M AA 0.46 -0.64 -0.18 17 Jacqueline Giles E1W TO 1.23 -1.40 -0.17 110 Chuck White AM SW -1.33 1.19 -0.14 261 Thomas Smith VE2M SW -1.60 1.49 -0.11 247 Timothy Loula BM TB -0.73 0.72 -0.02

Current Handicaps

Bib   Name                  Club    Class  Range      GS    SL
40 Kurt Adams SD VE1M 15 28 22.5 22.6 154 Jeffrey Adams GR E1M 15 28 23.2 20.3 1 Cary Adgate RN E 0 18 10.3 4.7 163 Andrew Aho SC AM 35 48 49.0 53.2 194 Bruce Aikens TR VE1M 15 28 27.4 128 Katelyn Aitken SN BW 60 80 86.7 77.4 192 Daniel Aitken SN CM 60 80 75.0 89.9 201 Arthur Albin SN VBM 45 64 56.3 58.5 22 Kermit Anderson SD E 0 18 14.1 13.1 176 Steve Anderson RN VAM 35 48 42.4 49.1 286 John F Anderson GM SVBM 45 64 56.5 50.7 170 Peggy Arthurs PH BW 60 80 64.8 73.2 276 Mark Arthurs PH VE1M 15 28 28.1 25.0 71 Amanda Atherton RN E2W 35 48 39.4 45.7 180 Michael Ault TO SVBM 45 64 49.3 58.4 150 Jenna Barr GR E1W 15 38 32.7 31.1 88 Gregory Bast SW E1M 15 28 25.2 22.4 93 Bernard Bast SW SVDM 75 1000 112.5 115.5 102 Daniel Bates TO VE2M 25 38 32.5 31.4 195 Keith Bates TR SVCM 60 80 72.9 73.3 202 John Battiste PH VE1M 15 28 21.5 15.7 55 Kathy Bauer SC VAW 45 64 48.6 50.1 196 William C. Bell TR SVDM 75 1000 137.0 173.1 166 Arlene Bellas TB DW 90 1000 143.8 151.0 271 Vincent Benivegna SC E2M 25 38 34.1 32.1 236 Alex Bernstein GR AM 35 48 44.9 49.5 320 Bob Bettman SC VE1M 15 28 22.9 23.0 175 Nicky Borcea AA SVBM 45 64 71.8 65.6 197 Howard Bouwens TR VAM 35 48 55.8 57.1 130 Ronnie Brant GR E1M 15 28 27.8 28.4 131 Hunter Brisson TB AM 35 48 36.3 40.3 239 Chad Buehler SW E1M 15 28 18.7 22.9 113 Foster Butler JD E2M 25 38 26.8 37.7 315 Edgar Butler JD SVDM 75 1000 96.4 119.2 25 Stephanie Buttrey AA VAW 45 64 71.0 68.9 21 Nick Carrico TR E1M 15 28 18.0 19.9 43 Alexandra Carrico TR E2W 35 48 36.9 35.9 127 Kathy Carrico TR BW 60 80 75.9 74.2 190 David Carrico TR VAM 35 48 39.5 36.2 283 Mike Cherette SD VE2M 25 38 31.8 35.5 161 Barbara Chiappetta TO DW 90 1000 133.1 124.3 270 Gino Chiappetta TO E2M 25 38 24.2 32.2 198 Theo Chillis JD SVBM 45 64 64.8 65.4 75 Jacek Cholewicki TO VE2M 25 38 36.2 33.5 132 Diane Clark SW BW 60 80 70.6 67.6 33 Steve Coatney AA VE2M 25 38 37.4 36.6 206 Ted Cogswell TO CM 60 80 68.7 68.4 228 Joseph Connelly TO DM 75 1000 83.2 85.0 317 Joe Conway AA DM 75 1000 125.3 104.6 243 David Corcoran SN SVBM 45 64 52.8 60.8 133 Nathalie Cornet GR BW 60 80 90.2 100.0 134 Corey Cosgrove GR E1M 15 28 22.5 18.2 29 Dan Costigan PH VE1M 15 28 28.3 25.7 135 Marty Crawford GM DM 75 1000 128.8 126.8 219 Alfred Cureau Jr JD DM 75 1000 115.8 143.1 160 Gregg Davis SD VE2M 25 38 29.3 27.1 263 Chip Dayton SW E2M 25 38 31.0 38.0 11 Derek Delzer PH E 0 18 11.5 10.4 238 Ricky Discher SD DM 75 1000 80.2 90.3 255 Paul Drake AA SVCM 60 80 81.2 20 Wayne Drier SC VE2M 25 38 36.7 27.5 136 Matt Dubois TB VE2M 25 38 37.7 43.2 56 Robert Dusina TB AM 35 48 41.6 40.7 78 Brian Dusina TB VAM 35 48 43.3 51.1 287 Frank Dusina TB E2M 25 38 29.9 37.7 108 David Duvali SW SVCM 60 80 68.3 64.7 204 Arthur Ellwanger TB CM 60 80 67.3 71.2 264 Jeff Enterkin SW CM 60 80 68.1 75.6 138 Brandon Farver GR AM 35 48 35.1 37.5 250 Doug Fellman TB SVCM 60 80 66.3 68.6 100 Kate Fitkin-Peppel TO VAW 45 64 51.0 60.8 226 Greg Fitzpatrick JD BM 45 64 46.8 64.9 121 Jeffrey Ford SD E1M 15 28 20.6 24.9 272 Robert Freed AA VAM 35 48 38.0 39.5 52 Jim Geisling TR VAM 35 48 40.4 42.6 53 Susan Geisling TR DW 90 1000 121.2 112.1 90 Jill Geyer TB E2W 35 48 42.8 47.8 111 Julie Giganic SW DW 90 1000 136.2 175.7 17 Jacqueline Giles TO E1W 15 38 32.4 28.3 18 Sarah Giles TO E1W 15 38 26.8 27.4 2 Sherrie Glas SC E1W 15 38 25.9 27.1 4 Chris Glasco SD E1W 15 38 38.4 42.7 5 Gregg Glasco SD VAM 35 48 44.7 48.3 288 Jennifer Glass AA BW 60 80 79.1 81.9 319 Herman Glass JD SVCM 60 80 71.3 83.3 232 Ronald Glowzinski TB SVCM 60 80 68.6 74.3 183 Vladimir Goldin TO SVBM 45 64 63.5 69.1 200 Dick Goodwin SW SVAM 35 48 43.8 49.6 8 Matt Griffin TO E1M 15 28 22.8 24.2 68 Kristen Griffin SD E2W 35 48 36.0 48.1 124 Kyle Grost TR AM 35 48 51.6 49.4 44 Janie Guiliani TB E2W 35 48 41.5 39.5 151 Kelly Gwinnell SN BW 60 80 71.5 68.4 229 Andrew Gwinnell SN CM 60 80 63.8 64.8 92 Mike Haffey TB SVAM 35 48 48.4 48.8 37 Neil Hagemeister SC VE2M 25 38 31.6 30.8 36 Steve Hark RN VE1M 15 28 13.9 15.7 148 James Hart TO SVAM 35 48 53.4 65.4 217 William Heckman TB AM 35 48 48.1 46.2 275 Christopher Herrmann SC E 0 18 14.4 11.3 97 Sondra Hietbrink SC AW 45 64 53.0 66.1 254 Michael Hietbrink SC E2M 25 38 26.9 30.9 62 Drew Hilger RN E1M 15 28 19.8 23.7 59 Suzanne Holmes RN VAW 45 64 56.5 58.6 60 Jim Hoppenrath SC VAM 35 48 36.7 44.8 98 Shawn Hughes AA VE2M 25 38 35.2 36.4 13 Mike Jablonski TB SVBM 45 64 54.3 57.6 86 Jill Jablonski TB E2W 35 48 45.8 47.3 245 Ted Jablonski TB SVBM 45 64 53.6 59.6 184 George Janes RN VE2M 25 38 31.1 32.2 103 Catherine Jeakle TR BW 60 80 74.4 95.1 46 Bruce A. Johnson GM SVBM 45 64 47.4 54.7 139 Nancy Johnson GM VAW 45 64 60.8 57.8 159 Angie Johnson GM E2W 35 48 36.3 41.2 248 Joel Kato SC E2M 25 38 47.2 40.4 186 Thomas Kaznecki SN SVCM 60 80 65.5 79.1 48 Sue Kent TR CW 75 96 85.3 77.1 91 Andrew Kerbrat SW BM 45 64 59.5 60.4 45 Jim King TB VBM 45 64 49.3 59.9 260 Daniel King SW VBM 45 64 61.6 73.2 84 Eric Klaban TB E 0 18 18.5 18.2 199 Tom Klaban TB VE1M 15 28 29.9 27.3 77 Debi Koltoniak TO CW 75 96 87.7 87.6 230 Nick Koltoniak TO E2M 25 38 37.0 47.4 23 Gary Konsza SC VE1M 15 28 21.8 23.2 24 Peggy Konsza SC E1W 15 38 43.1 45.2 94 Gail Kovaleski TB CW 75 96 80.5 98.7 214 Kevin Kozole PH AM 35 48 45.0 55.7 237 Michael Kuhn PH E1M 15 28 23.2 19.2 210 Don La Fond SN SVBM 45 64 59.5 79.3 141 Katie LeVan TB E2W 35 48 39.6 48.0 318 Michael J LeVan TB VE1M 15 28 23.2 21.6 225 Art LeVasseur SN VBM 45 64 48.7 58.5 87 Chris Liegl SC VAW 45 64 52.3 57.8 142 Bobbie Liegl RN E1W 15 38 32.7 40.3 291 Jay Liegl SC E 0 18 13.8 13.7 143 Danielle Liffmann GR E1W 15 38 43.3 79 Mike Linebaugh GM SVAM 35 48 48.7 49.1 292 Thomas Lining TO VAM 35 48 42.5 46.7 247 Timothy Loula TB BM 45 64 53.0 54.4 308 Scott Lowe TR SVBM 45 64 64.9 62.6 216 Dick Masters SN SVBM 45 64 58.2 56.4 123 Lyron Maxey JD AM 35 48 35.3 46.8 35 Jack Maynard GM SVAM 35 48 42.2 45.0 187 Domenic Mazzenga SN SVDM 75 1000 77.3 91.5 188 Nick Mazzenga SN AM 35 48 42.7 49.9 39 Doug McClelland RN VE1M 15 28 22.1 20.5 165 Therese McClelland RN E1W 15 38 38.0 36.6 69 Casey McGovern PH E1M 15 28 19.5 22.9 207 Peggy McLaughlin SW CW 75 96 94.6 103.3 208 Ken McLaughlin SW E2M 25 38 39.2 48.3 67 Craig McLeod SD VE1M 15 28 20.5 19.0 51 Allen Mercier TR SVCM 60 80 59.1 61.2 156 Robert Michel TO VAM 35 48 38.6 42.9 249 Jim Michon TB CM 60 80 69.8 69.0 96 Denise Miller SC VAW 45 64 57.6 63.1 185 Sue Miller SC E1W 15 38 28.0 27.8 26 Yasumasa Miyawaki AA VAM 35 48 52.9 53.0 85 Eric Moir SD E2M 25 38 33.7 33.6 259 Kyle Moir SD E2M 25 38 32.5 28.2 293 Kevin Moir SD VBM 45 64 61.2 74.9 179 Paul Mooradian RN E 0 18 14.8 12.9 294 Bob Morey SC SVBM 45 64 52.6 59.6 211 Stephan Morgan JD DM 75 1000 90.2 98.1 76 Roger Myers TO VE2M 25 38 27.1 31.0 266 Fred Myers SW SVCM 60 80 76.3 75.9 73 Douglas North TR SVBM 45 64 45.0 54.4 233 Patrick O'Keefe GM SVBM 45 64 45.8 52.2 115 Colter Onnela XX E2M 25 38 28.7 27.4 224 Brian Onnela SC VE1M 15 28 21.7 18.3 16 Bill Orrell GM VE2M 25 38 60.5 60.8 295 Alan Osterdale AA DM 75 1000 128.7 135.7 191 Dale Pacynski TB VBM 45 64 58.0 58.8 256 Joyce Penner AA DW 90 1000 106.4 101 Dale Peppel TO VBM 45 64 59.7 66.6 49 Bill Perlmutter TR VE2M 25 38 40.7 37.6 223 Joe Pioch SW DM 75 1000 90.0 91.0 282 Steve Pirie RN E 0 18 15.0 9.2 172 Holly Polopolos AA DW 90 1000 102.4 118.1 72 John Pomerville SD VE2M 25 38 31.2 28.9 144 Andrew Preston GR E1M 15 28 29.0 24.6 145 Katie Preston GR E1W 15 38 36.2 36.9 61 Scott Pyles RN VE1M 15 28 25.4 20.4 231 Rob Reader SD VE2M 25 38 25.9 27.7 106 Robert Rentschler TB VBM 45 64 57.3 60.4 162 Stella Resko AA BW 60 80 63.7 73.7 269 Jack Riggs PH E1M 15 28 19.4 17.4 274 Ken Robinette TR AM 35 48 44.3 48.4 80 Bob Rossi TB CM 60 80 67.5 72.5 114 Levi Rouster SN E2M 25 38 31.1 29.9 153 Lauren Rykert SC E1W 15 38 22.2 23.0 310 Michael Salvador GR AM 35 48 54.0 78.4 257 David Samalik RN E 0 18 15.9 14.3 164 Holly Sasso TR E2W 35 48 37.3 37.7 58 Tedd Sattler SW VE1M 15 28 22.3 22.3 31 Samantha Sayers GR E2W 35 48 36.9 45.3 34 Mike Sayers TO VE1M 15 28 29.1 26.4 171 Robert Semanske AA SVBM 45 64 63.8 58.1 193 Moby Mick Serafinski TR VBM 45 64 60.7 60.2 296 Duane Shelar AA VBM 45 64 58.5 69.5 12 Jennifer Shorter RN E1W 15 38 33.3 31.4 105 Mary Siegwart TB BW 60 80 90.1 78.9 118 Rich Smiley SD E2M 25 38 30.7 30.9 65 Jenessa Smith SD E1W 15 38 35.1 36.1 109 Zach Smith SW E1M 15 28 19.5 16.9 147 Brewster R Smith TO E1M 15 28 17.6 18.1 178 David C. Smith TO VE1M 15 28 23.1 20.3 261 Thomas Smith SW VE2M 25 38 29.3 35.5 262 James Smith SW VE2M 25 38 32.8 32.4 273 Kevin Smith SW E2M 25 38 29.4 234 Patrick Smithbauer TB SVCM 60 80 61.3 60.0 240 Joseph Smyk AA SVBM 45 64 44.7 55.3 307 Scott Soucie TB BM 45 64 58.3 59.5 28 Jana Staron RN E1W 15 38 31.6 28.9 177 Richard Steele AA SVAM 35 48 44.0 48.7 297 John Steketee TR SVBM 45 64 68.1 10 John Stewart SD VE1M 15 28 24.5 25.4 251 Charles Sullivan TB SVCM 60 80 85.9 75.4 252 Judith Sullivan TB DW 90 1000 132.1 122.5 227 Bill Swords TR SVDM 75 1000 113.5 118.6 300 Richard Synowiec TB SVDM 75 1000 83.5 83.9 304 K J Talsma SC AM 35 48 36.7 52.4 15 Scott Tater TB E 0 18 13.1 12.9 116 Romelle Taylor JD E2M 25 38 33.0 42.1 99 Rob Terry SC VE2M 25 38 27.8 33.0 301 Thomas Tocco GM VAM 35 48 33.5 41.3 157 David Tomasik AA VE1M 15 28 26.1 20.0 279 Charles Travis TO SVCM 60 80 74.4 203.3 253 Chuck Trewin TB BM 45 64 63.3 63.3 42 Laura Tustin SN E2W 35 48 39.5 47.7 152 Pablo Ucar SW E 0 18 15.9 18.6 47 Ginnie Uhley TR VAW 45 64 64.5 61.8 19 Michael Ulczynski TB VE1M 15 28 27.6 28.3 302 Tom Varner SC SVBM 45 64 48.4 235 Steve Vollmer TB SVCM 60 80 67.6 79.5 81 Mark Warren TO E2M 25 38 26.5 33.8 146 Terri Warren TO AW 45 64 55.9 63.6 258 Dara Watson JD DW 90 1000 117.9 113.8 14 Marylynn Webster TR E1W 15 38 28.3 26.2 303 David Whalen GR E1M 15 28 19.0 16.5 110 Chuck White SW AM 35 48 43.1 60.2 173 Laura White AA BW 60 80 66.2 69.1 74 Don Williams SN SVDM 75 1000 90.1 102.6 82 Paul Williams AA VE2M 25 38 31.6 34.9 149 Kimberly Williams JD CW 75 96 102.9 140.8 209 Steven Williams TB VBM 45 64 63.5 70.2 278 Chris Williams SN BM 45 64 46.8 53.1 284 Jerry Williams JD VBM 45 64 63.7 98.4 70 Wes Wixom SC VE2M 25 38 39.2 35.9 181 Ron Zawlocki SN SVAM 35 48 38.6 49.7

Most Improved Formula

Handicap is defined as the percent your time is longer than a reference racer with zero par time. That is, HC = 100*(your_time - par_time)/par_time.

If we subtract your old handicap from your new handicap, that give us the change in the percent that your times are longer than the zero par time. We want the change relative to your old time, not the par time, so we divide by the factor (1 + HC_old/100), which is the ratio of your old time to the par time.

And that's how we get the magic formula:
% improvement = (HC_new - HC_old)/(1 + HC_old/100)


MACC Handicaps

A handicap system is used to place MACC racers in appropriate ability classes, and to determine when racers should upgrade or downgrade to different classes.

MACC Class definitions
Handicap Calculations (pt 1)
Handicap Calculations (pt 2)

Handicap Theory (PDF)

Pacesetters

The handicaps are determined largely by past histories of most of the racers competing on a course. Pacesetters provide quality control, and influence the handicaps of racers who are much faster or much slower than the average racer for the course.

Calculating and Reporting Handicaps

Handicaps are computed for all race times. However, the handicaps shown in the results on a race day are subject to adjusment and are not considered "final" until after the first MACC meeting that follows the race.

Handicaps are calculated using different equations for the first and second run, in order to compensate for differing course conditions. Therefore, identical times on the first and second runs can result in different handicaps.